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Internet turned 30 on January 1, 2013

The Internet which has
transformed the lives of billions of people across the globe turned 30 on
January 1st, 2013. The computer network officially began its technological
revolution when it fully substituted previous networking systems on January 1st,
1983. It is on this day that the
US Department of Defence (DoD)-commissioned Arpanet network fully switched to
use of the Internet protocol suite (IPS) communications system for the first

The Internet which has
transformed the lives of billions of people across the globe turned 30 on
January 1st, 2013. The computer network officially began its technological
revolution when it fully substituted previous networking systems on January 1st,
1983. It is on this day that the
US Department of Defence (DoD)-commissioned Arpanet network fully switched to
use of the Internet protocol suite (IPS) communications system for the first
time. It is known as ‘flag day’ in US.

Using data
“packet-switching”, the new method of linking computers paved the way for the
arrival of the World Wide Web. Based on designs by Welsh scientist Donald
Davies, the Arpanet network began as a military project in the late 1960s.

It was later developed at
prestigious American universities and research laboratories. Starting in 1973,
work on the powerful and flexible IPS and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
technology which would change mass communications got under way.

The new systems were
designed to replace the more vulnerable Network Control Program (NCP) used
previously, making sure the network was not exposed to a single point of
failure. This meant a single attack could not bring it down, making it safer
and more reliable, the report said.

By January 1st, 1983, the
substitution of the older system for the new Internet protocol had been completed
and the Internet was born. British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee was then
able to use it to host the system of interlinked hypertext documents he
invented in 1989, known as the World Wide Web.

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